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Secretaria Geral MAI

5+5 Dialogue

The 5+5 Dialogue is the designation adopted for the Western Mediterranean cooperation process, launched in 1983 by France in 1983, with the aim of:
  • Strengthen political dialogue and cooperation on issues of common interest to the countries in the western of the Mediterranean region;

  • Promote the economic development of the Maghreb.

It involves 5 countries in Europe, on the northern shore of the Mediterranean (Portugal, Spain, France, Italy and Malta) and 5 countries of the Arab Maghreb Union, on the southern shore of the Mediterranean (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania and Tunisia).


This cooperation process has sectoral formations, in addition to general coordination, within the competence of the MFA. In addition to Home Affairs, Defence and Foreign Affairs, the 5+5 Dialogue also covers cooperation in the sectors of Transport, Tourism and Environment/Renewable Energy.

Conferences of Ministers of the Interior of the Western Mediterranean Countries (CIMO)


The highest-level cooperation in the 5+5 Dialogue on internal security is based on the Conferences of the Ministers of the Interior of the Western Mediterranean Countries (CIMO). CIMO's mandate is comprehensive in the area of internal administration and has so far included aspects of security, migration, borders, civil protection and local authorities.


CIMO has a markedly informal character, as is the nature of the 5+5 Dialogue, where it fits, assuming itself as a forum for political debate. As a rule, a final declaration is adopted at the end of each conference, which adopts the name of the host country city that hosted the meeting, setting out the guidelines and priorities for action until the next CIMO takes place.


In these ministerial meetings, working groups have been launched in different areas considered relevant by CIMO: terrorism; organised crime; movement of persons and fight against illegal immigration; the training of police officers; civil protection and local administration.


The CIMO Presidency shall be exercised on the basis of the identification of the availability of each country for this purpose, provided that such availability is accepted by the other partners of the Dialogue. The country holding the CIMO Presidency in a given year hosts and organises the CIMO meeting that year.


Portugal held the CIMO Presidency in 2000 and 2015. The 16th Conference of Ministers of the Interior of the Western Mediterranean held in Lisbon on 19 May 2015 resulted in the Lisbon Declaration, reaffirming the commitments made in Algiers and introducing road safety as a new dimension in cooperation between the ten Mediterranean countries.

G4 - the Four-party Ministerial Meeting - Portugal, Spain, France and Morocco

The four-party meeting (known as the G4) originated from a French initiative and aims at analysing and discussing a set of themes and issues which, within the areas of competence of the said Ministries of the Interior /Home Affairs, are of great concern to the governments of the states concerned, and this G4 formation is a mechanism for enhanced cooperation, especially in the context of regional cooperation processes involving the two shores of the Mediterranean.


The Ministry of Internal Affairs is strongly committed to contributing to increased cooperation, both bilateral and multilateral, with the other G4 States, in areas such as police cooperation, the fight against drug trafficking and the fight against terrorism. The results achieved with this cooperation mechanism were reinforced with the placement of MAI Liaison Officers, established in Rabat and Paris in December 2013, as well as with the accession of Portugal and France to the Ibero-Moroccan Police Cooperation Centre in Algeciras.


Portugal took over the Presidency of the G4 for the first time in 2015. It was in this context that the III Meeting of the G4 took place on 28 April 2015, which marked the beginning of the Portuguese Presidency of this enhanced cooperation group. The meeting adopted the Lisbon Conclusions, with a view to strengthening bilateral and multilateral cooperation links between the four Western Mediterranean States sharing common concerns in areas such as managing migration flows, preventing and combating drug trafficking, preventing and combating terrorism and police cooperation.


On 3 July 2017 the 4th Ministerial meeting was held in Seville, resulting in the Seville Declaration, which reinforces the commitment to cooperation and foresees for the first time for the development of a Joint Action Plan, the implementation of which will be supervised by a Steering Committee.

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Última atualização: 22-08-2023 18:52


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