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Secretaria Geral MAI

United Nations Organisation (UN)

The United Nations, founded in 1945 after the World War II, has currently 193 states working around four goals:



  •  Keep world peace;
  • Develop friendship relations between states;
  • Support the states on working together to help poorly improving their life conditions, to overcome hunger, disease and illiteracy and to encourage respect for human rights;
  •  Coordinate the nations’ action to achieve those goals.
Its field of action involves peacekeeping, peacebuilding, conflict prevention, humanitarian assistance and many other areas covered by funds, programmes and specialised agencies set up within the United Nations system for each area considered to ensure the well-being of the citizens who are part of this vast number of countries.
Portugal was accepted as a member of UN in 1955.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
UNHCR's primary goal is to coordinate international action to protect refugees in order to assure their rights through the implementation of international policies and solutions, such as the resettlement of refugees, concession of international protection and return to the country of origin, among others. This organisation also plays a key role in providing humanitarian aid to refugees through direct assistance to displaced populations.
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organisation in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners.
IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Portugal follows and works on UNODC matters  UNDC.jpgthrough the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, which meets annually with the aim of discussing and approving resolutions on transnational organized crime, trafficking in human beings and terrorism.
Committee Against Torture (CAT)
Matters dealt by the UN Committee against Torture are also closely monitored. This Committee was established by the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment with the goal of monitoring the application of the Conventions’ provisions by the States Parties.
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
The Human Rights Committee is a body of independent experts that monitors the State Parties’  implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. All States Parties are obliged to submit regular reports to the Committee on how the rights are being implemented. States must report initially one year after acceding to the Covenant and then whenever the Committee requests (usually every four years). The Committee examines each report and addresses its concerns and recommendations to the State party in the form of "concluding observations”.
Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)
Resolution No.2106 of the UN General Assembly adopted the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination on December 21, 1965. Portugal is one of States Parties of this Convention that, after the necessary legal formalities, entered into force in the Portuguese legal system on September 23, 1982. Like any other State party to this Convention, it Portugal must submit regular reports on compliance with the commitments made to be considered by CERD and to be subject by the CERD Committee to national examinations.
Última atualização: 16-01-2018 15:37


Secretaria-Geral da Administração Interna
Rua S. Mamede n.23
1100-533 Lisboa

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